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国际护理学研究

International Journal of Nursing Research

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International Journal of Nursing Research. 2021; 3: (2) ; 10.12208/j.ijnr. 20210038 .

Effects of Comprehensive Nursing Intervention on Prevention of Deep Venous Thrombosis for patiens after Artificial total knee replacement
综合护理干预对人工全膝关节置换术后患者下肢深静脉血栓的预防效果

作者: 陈欣蕾, 张霞平*,

中南大学湘雅二医院临床护理学教研室 湖南长沙

中南大学湘雅二医院血管外科 湖南长沙 中南大学湘雅二医院临床护理学教研室 湖南长沙

*通讯作者: 张霞平,单位:中南大学湘雅二医院血管外科 湖南长沙 中南大学湘雅二医院临床护理学教研室 湖南长沙;

引用本文: 陈欣蕾, 张霞平, 综合护理干预对人工全膝关节置换术后患者下肢深静脉血栓的预防效果[J]. 国际护理学研究, 2021; 3: (2) : 1-4.
Published: 2021/3/12 14:54:00

摘要

目的:探讨人工全膝关节置换术患者术后实施综合护理干预措施对预防下肢深静脉血栓形成的作用价值。方法:选取2020年1月-2021年2月本院骨科收治的89例行人工全膝关节置换术的患者作为研究对象,根据随机数字表法将89例行人工全膝关节置换术后患者分成对照组(44例)与观察组(45例),对照组与观察组患者均常规实施全程护理,观察组在对照组基础上实施综合护理干预,对比2组术后患者下肢深静脉血栓形成率以及护理质量评分。结果:观察组下肢静脉血栓发生率低于对照组(P<0.05),而且观察组患者护理质量(包括对护理服务、护理内容、护理环境、病区管理、健康教育等内容)评分均高于对照组:P<0.05。结论:综合护理干预能有效降低下肢深静脉血栓发生率,提高护理质量,可用于预防人工全膝关节置换术患者术后下肢深静脉血栓形成,提升护理质量,提高患者护理满意度。

关键词: 护理干预;人工全膝关节置换术;护理质量;下肢深静脉血栓

Abstract

Objective: To analyze the value of modern comprehensive nursing intervention on the prevention of deep venous thrombosis in patients after total knee arthroplasty.
Methods: 89 patients with total knee arthroplasty in our hospital from January 2020 to February 2021 were selected as the research objects, and they were divided into the control group (44 cases) and the observation group (45 cases) according to the patients' voluntary opinions. The patients in the control group were given whole course nursing intervention, and the observation group were given comprehensive guidance on the basis of the control group And nursing satisfaction score.
Results: the incidence of lower extremity venous thrombosis after total knee arthroplasty in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (P < 0.05), and the scores of nursing service, nursing content, nursing environment, ward management and health education in the observation group were higher than those in the control group after comprehensive nursing intervention (P < 0.05).
Conclusion  : comprehensive nursing intervention is conducive to the prevention of deep venous thrombosis in patients after total knee arthroplasty, has a positive effect on the prognosis and rehabilitation of patients, is conducive to improving the nursing satisfaction of patients, and the application effect is satisfactory.

Key words: Nursing Intervention; Total Knee Arthroplasty; Nursing Satisfaction; Lower Extremity Deep Venous Thrombosis

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