ije@oajrc.org

国际教育学

International Journal of Education

您当前位置:首页 > 精选文章

International Journal of Education. 2023; 5: (2) ; 10.12208/j.ije.20230015 .

Practical research on teacher support strategies in autonomous games
自主游戏中教师支持策略的实践研究

作者: 夏英 *

江苏省南京市高淳区淳溪幼儿园 江苏南京

*通讯作者: 夏英,单位:江苏省南京市高淳区淳溪幼儿园 江苏南京;

引用本文: 夏英 自主游戏中教师支持策略的实践研究[J]. 国际教育学, 2023; 5: (2) : 49-51.
Published: 2023/12/20 15:36:53

摘要

自主游戏是指幼儿在游戏活动时,选择和参与自己爱好和感兴趣的游戏活动。充分发挥幼儿的天性和自主性,让幼儿自主选择游戏,在游戏时自发交流,使其在游戏过程中感受到快乐和满足,促进幼儿积极性、主动性和创造性,还能提高幼儿的动手能力、合作能力和社交能力。在幼儿阶段,游戏已成为重要的幼儿教育方式,符合幼儿身心发展特点,由于幼儿尚处于身心发育阶段,教师在游戏过程中,需要加强对游戏观察,把握教育时机,进行适当的支持和引导,并提前做好游戏环境创设及材料布置、挖掘游戏的价值和意义,从而实现促进幼儿全个性化发展的目标,提高幼儿园的教育质量。本文重点分析了幼儿园自主游戏的开展现状,通过具体游戏案例提出教师在幼儿自主游戏中的支持策略,为幼儿园游戏化教学的研究提供参考。

关键词: 幼儿;自主游戏;教师支持策略

Abstract

Autonomous play refers to young children choosing and participating in their hobbies and interests during play activities. Give full play to the natural and autonomous nature of young children, allowing them to choose games independently, communicate spontaneously during the game, make them feel happy and satisfied during the game process, promote their enthusiasm, initiative, and creativity, and also improve their hands-on, cooperative, and social skills. In the early childhood stage, games have become an important way of early childhood education, which is in line with the characteristics of children's physical and mental development. As children are still in the stage of physical and mental development, teachers need to strengthen their observation of games, grasp educational opportunities, provide appropriate support and guidance, and create game environments and materials in advance, explore the value and significance of games, in order to achieve the goal of promoting personalized development of children, Improve the quality of education in kindergartens. This article focuses on analyzing the current situation of autonomous games in kindergartens, and proposes support strategies for teachers in children's autonomous games through specific game cases, providing reference for research on gamified teaching in kindergartens.

Key words: Young children; Autonomous gaming; Teacher Support Strategy

参考文献 References

[1] 吴亚,张薷心.高瞻课程理念下的自主游戏助推策略--以"海角45号甜品店"游戏为例[J].教育观察, 2021, 010 (048): 37-39. 

[2] 盛珊丹.浅谈户外自主游戏中教师支持性策略的研究[J].新一代:理论版, 2021, 000(011):1-2.

[3] 李燕芳.低结构化:中班室内自主游戏中教师导引策略研究[J].教育观察, 2021, 10(16):35-37.

[4] 黄芳.问道方圆,寻求教研的力量--以"基于儿童视角的教师介入方式--自主游戏中教师的支持策略"教研活动为例[J].教育观察, 2020, 009(012):106-109.

[5] 秦旭芳,王雨露.户外自主游戏中教师指导策略类型研究[J].江苏第二师范学院学报, 2020, 36(5):16-21.

[6] 李晓玲.细心观察 适时介入——自主游戏中教师指导策略[J].智库时代, 2020, 000(026):291-291.

[7] 蔡方婷.大班幼儿户外自主游戏中教师介入策略分析[J].当代家庭教育, 2021, 000(005):71-72.

[8] 王录沛.幼儿园自主游戏中教师观察分析能力与支持策略的研究[J].山海经:教育前沿, 2020, 000(036):110-110.