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国际护理学研究

International Journal of Nursing Research

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International Journal of Nursing Research. 2022; 4: (6) ; 10.12208/j.ijnr.20220294 .

Effect of systematic nursing intervention on children with bronchial asthma treated by home atomization inhalation
系统护理干预对家庭雾化吸入治疗小儿支气管哮喘的影响分析

作者: 娄容容*,

桐梓县海校街道社区卫生服务中心 贵州遵义

*通讯作者: 娄容容,单位:桐梓县海校街道社区卫生服务中心 贵州遵义;

引用本文: 娄容容, 系统护理干预对家庭雾化吸入治疗小儿支气管哮喘的影响分析[J]. 国际护理学研究, 2022; 4: (6) : 160-163.
Published: 2022/9/15 9:51:14

摘要

目的 观察系统护理干预对家庭雾化吸入治疗小儿支气管哮喘的作用效果。方法 研究对象为2021年1月~2021年12月期间本院接诊的小儿支气管哮喘患者,将患者分为对照组(常规护理组)和观察组(系统护理干预组),经相同时间后,统计两组患儿的肺功能相关指标情况、治疗依从性优良率、哮喘控制评分以及护理满意度,并进行分析。结果 与对照组相比,护理后观察组患儿R5、R20、Fres和X5等肺功能相关指标好转情况更明显(p<0.05);观察组患儿治疗依从性优良率显著高于对照组(p<0.05);治疗前两组患儿的哮喘控制评分无明显差异(p>0.05),治疗后对照组于观察组评分分别为(23.64±3.24)分、(19.94±3.16)分,两组相比,观察组的哮喘控制评分更高(p<0.05);护理满意度方面,观察组的护理满意度更高(p<0.05)。结论 对家庭雾化吸入治疗的小儿支气管哮喘患儿实施系统护理干预,能够明显增强患儿治疗依从性,有助于哮喘症状控制,改善患儿的肺功能指标,提高护理满意度。

关键词: 系统护理干预;家庭雾化吸入;小儿支气管哮喘

Abstract

Objective: To observe the effect of systematic nursing intervention on home atomization inhalation in the treatment of children with bronchial asthma.
Methods: the subjects of the study were children with bronchial asthma treated in our hospital from January 2021 to December 2021.The patients were divided into control group(routine nursing group)and observation group(systematic nursing intervention group).After the same time,the related indicators of lung function, the excellent rate of treatment compliance, asthma control score and nursing satisfaction of the two groups were counted and analyzed.
Results: compared with the control group, the improvement of R5,R20,fres and X5 in the observation group was more obvious(P<0.05);The excellent and good rate of treatment compliance in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group(P<0.05);There was no significant difference in asthma control score between the two groups before treatment(P>0.05).After treatment, the scores of the control group and the observation group were(23.64±3.24)and(19.94±3.16)respectively. Compared with the two groups, the asthma control score of the observation group was higher(P<0.05); In terms of nursing satisfaction, the nursing satisfaction of the observation group was higher(P<0.05).
Conclusion  : systematic nursing intervention for children with bronchial asthma treated by home atomization inhalation can significantly enhance the treatment compliance of children, help to control asthma symptoms,improve lung function indicators of children, and improve nursing satisfaction.

Key words: Systematic nursing intervention; Household aerosol inhalation; Bronchial asthma in children

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